There are a few more important factors to take into consideration when choosing a leather brand other than deciding the skins and cuts. This article will explain full-grain leather and the reasons we believed it to be the best option to choose.
What is Full Grain Leather?
Full-grain is the most durable and strongest area of the skin of an animal that is located just beneath the hairline and hasn’t been polished, buffed, or sanded cut; this means that it has the natural characteristics of leather.
Because the grain’s surface is left unaltered prior to applying the coating to the surface this leather will have greater strength and durability and, as it ages it will form an aged appearance with time and develop a highly desired patina.
Full-grain leather usually comes with an aniline-like finish, which can stain or dye the leather but still allows the natural grain to shine through. This subtle appearance lets the leather continue to breathe, in contrast to other sanded leather kinds, and then given a thicker coating.
Full-grain leather is thought of as the best quality leather available and that is the reason why we opt to use it in a lot of our accessories and bags.
What Does Full Grain Leather Look Like?
Full-grain leather displays all of its natural markings and imperfections, which many believe makes the leather more interesting.
As the strongest exterior layer of the hide that can be used and retaining the grain intact instead of being sanded off to appear more uniform Full-grain leather lasts for a longer time. As it gets older, it develops a patina that is the color that changes as time passes. The change is more rapid on untreated leather and is thought of as a desirable feature of leather.
On the flat, unaltered surface you will be able to observe the. This signifies this leather to be of excellent quality. Other things to be aware of are the fat lines and growth lines, natural variations in the grain’s texture and texture, and tiny marks.
Every hide is different since it’s from different animals with various marks and blemishes, therefore when you look at or work using full-grain leather, you’ll realize that there are no two hides identical.
Aging Effects on Full Grain Leather
When leather that is full-grain ages and wears out, instead of wearing away it smudges and beautifies and develops a highly desired patina and character that is impossible to duplicate. In fact, the more you work with it the more beautiful it appears and is.
The top grain of the leather is sprayed with a finish coat that protects against stains that could adhere to the grain of the leather. However, refinishing top-grain leather restricts the leather’s breathability and stops the leather from forming the natural patina that develops over time.
What Is Full Grain Leather Upper?
Leather uppers with full-grain have been constructed out of full-grain leather. When we refer to a “leather upper’, we’re talking about the portion of a shoe or boot over the sole which is made of leather.
Durability Of Full Grain Leather
Leather that is full-grain is extremely robust and durable since the natural grain has the most durable fibers within the hide. It’s also very breathable, leading to less moisture due to long-term contact. Leather made from full-grain is more prone to staining therefore, make sure to shield your bag from stains with a leather conditioner and then clean it before it gets an ugly stain.
The drawback that comes with top-quality leather is the lack of sanding off the toughest fibers of naturally grain hide. Due to this, it’s crucial to take care of the delicate top grain leather because it is more susceptible to visible scratches as compared to the full-grain type of leather.
How Does The Full Grain Leather Produce?
Full-grain leather is derived from the skin layer just beneath the hair. It is constructed from the outermost layer hide, which makes it more durable because the fibers are more tightly linked.
Full-grain leather is made from pigs, goats and sheep, and more exotic animals, such as alligators, ostriches, and kangaroos. But cowhide is the most frequently used skin for making leather. All products on our website that are in the category of cowhide are Full Grain Leather.
How Is Full-grain Leather Made?
The process of creating leather consists of three main steps including preparation, tanning, and the final step of crusting. Another step can be added if the material is treated with a treatment or a finish.
First, the skin of the animal or hide is derived, and this could comprise of the following steps:
- It is then treated in order to preserve it, and also make it imputrescible for a short period of time.
- It is then soaked in order to cleanse and rehydrate it.
- Then comes the process of liming that is the process of removing the natural fats, proteins, and greases through soaking into an alkali-based solution.
- Then, the hair on your skin is removed, followed by the removal of the subcutaneous tissues and the fat.
- The hide is divided into horizontal layers. This gives us various layers, from full-grain (top layer) to the corium layer, from which genuine leather and suede are created.
- The skin is limed and removed, followed by the removal of proteins, and the elimination of these chemicals. There is a greater removal of proteins by bating as proteolytic proteins are added, this helps soften the skin.
- Then it goes through an additional process known as slicking that is the elimination of fat within the skin.
- It is bleached, then pickled (lowering in pH to the acidic zone) to enable certain tanning agents to penetrate it. It can then be de-pickled in order to raise the pH levels to facilitate the absorption of other tanning agents.
The hide is then to be tanned. This is the process that transforms the hide’s natural hide into a sturdy material that dries out into a form that is flexible and will not putrefy. There are many methods of tanning.
The method applied depends on the application method used to the leather. The most commonly used tanning agent is called Chromium. We use only natural dyes on our leather.
- The hides are then placed into drums along with tanning liquor, which is then soaked while the drums spin slowly.
- After an even amount of penetration has been achieved The pH levels slowly increase This process is known as basification.
- Basification bonds the tanning substance to the leather.
The hides that are tanned then undergo the process of crusting that is when the hide is tanned, thinned again, and then lubricated. The process of crusting is also where the process of coloring is often brought into. The purpose of crusting is to dry and make the hides softer.
The leather can be given a treatment of:
All of these operations could be done in the event that the leather needs an appearance. For instance, patent leather could be treated to a shiny, glossy finish.
Where Can I Buy The Best Full Grain Leather Stuff?
The full-grain of leather as it’s known is available from stores and tanneries around the world as well as on the internet. The eight largest leather producers around the globe are the USA, Argentina, South Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Italy, Brazil, and China. Monal Jackets is a popular name providing 100% of the full grain genuine leather stuff.